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Vegetables A-Z: florence fennel

Posted on Posted in Gardening tips, Vegetables A-Z

Foeniculum vulgare


Grow it from seedlings or sow directly outside.

Distance between plants

At least 40 cm (15 in) between rows and at least 30 cm (12 in) between the plants in a row.




1 to 2 plants per person.

Time of planting

End of May for seedlings and June directly outside. It germinates in 10 to 16 days.


With home compost or wood ash. In growth stage with nettle or comfrey brew.


Water in drought to keep enough moisture. Use organic mulch.

Florence fennel’s good neighbors

Peas, cucumbers, sweet corn, lettuce, mint.

Florence fennel’s bad neighbors

Beans, tomato, parsnip, parsley, cumin, lovage.

Diseases and pests

Wireworms, carrot fly.

Florence fennel’s storage

Leaves and tubers regularly when needed. Roots can be left in the soil and they shoot a few more sprouts.


The whole plant is useful. Grate fresh tuber for salads or soups. The leaves, flowers and seeds serve as a spice or tea.


The soil has to be soil and moist enough. If it is sown too early, it flowers. The seedlings are cultivated at 20-25 °C (68-77 °F). To get white tubers, wrap with cardboard during the swelling process.


It is a part of the carrot family, related to carrots and many herbs. Its essential oil disinfects the digestive system.

  • Suzi Adam

    Arugula is a leafy green vegetable that is low in calories and rich in nutrients. It contains vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals like calcium and potassium.Arugula also provides antioxidants and is a good source of folate and fiber.