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Vegetables A-Z: turnip

Posted on Posted in Gardening tips, Vegetables A-Z

Brassica rapa


Sow directly to the regular place. It grows in low temperatures as well – some degrees above 0 °C (32 °F).

Distance between plants

At least 30 cm (12 in) between rows. Thin out the plants in a row to 20 cm (8 in) distance.




To 20 plants per person.

Time of planting

June-July. It germinates in 7-10 days.


Don’t fertilize, but plant where the previous plant was fertilized. Be careful about the lack of boron.


It is a less demanding plant, but needs sufficient moisture.

Turnip’s good neighbors

Vetch, peas, beans, lettuce, spinach, calendula, tagetes.

Turnip’s bad neighbors

Other crucifers.

Diseases and pests

Flea beetles and butterfly caterpillars. It is not demanding and the pests harm only the young plants. It can be attacked by clubroot in acidic soil. Keep the soil soft and well drained.

Turnip’s storage

Pick in November. Store in sand in a moist and cool basement or pickle like cabbage.


Use the leaves for green salad or juice, and the root for sour turnips. It contains a lot of mustard oils, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. It is especially beneficial in fall and winter diets.


Sow in the second half of summer. If the temperatures are too high, the roots don’t develop.


Carinthian turnip is an especially good quality sort. There are round and long-rooted varieties.

  • Suzi Adam

    Rutabaga and turnip are similar in appearance, but there are some differences between them. Rutabaga is larger and has a yellow or tan skin with a purple top, while turnips are smaller and have a white or purple skin. Rutabagas have a slightly sweeter taste compared to turnips, which tend to have a more peppery flavor.